Which Was the Original Agreement of the Munich Conference Brainly
The Munich Conference, held to discuss Hitler`s takeover of the Sudetenland, chose the appeasement of the British and French leaders and allowed Hitler to annex territory. Describe the German, Italian, and Japanese aspirations for the Empire. Germany, Japan and Italy formed an alliance that became known as the Axis powers. Answer: The final result of the Munich Conference, which took place in 1938 between France, Italy, Germany and Great Britain, was the division of Czechoslovakia with the transfer of Sudentenland to German hands and the strengthening of Hitler`s power in the name of a short-lived peace and so-called containment. On 28 and 29 April 1938, Daladier meets British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in London to discuss the situation. Chamberlain, who saw no way Hitler could be prevented from completely destroying Czechoslovakia if that was his intention (which Chamberlain doubted), argued that Prague should be pressured to make territorial concessions to Germany. The French and British leaders believed that peace could only be saved by transferring the Sudetenland German territories from Czechoslovakia. In a last-minute attempt to avoid war, Chamberlain proposed immediately convening a four-power conference to settle the dispute. Hitler agreed, and on September 29, Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier, and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini met in Munich. The meeting in Munich began shortly before 1 p.m.m.
Hitler could not hide his anger that instead of entering the Sudetenland as a liberator at the head of his army on the day he had settled, he had to comply with the arbitration procedure of the three powers, and none of his interlocutors dared to insist that the two Czech diplomats waiting in a Munich hotel be allowed to enter the conference room or put on the agenda. Nevertheless, Mussolini presented a written plan that was accepted by all as the Munich Agreement. (Many years later, it turned out that the so-called Italian plan had been prepared at the Foreign Ministry.) It was almost identical to Godesberg`s proposal: the German army was to complete the occupation of the Sudetenland by October 10, and an international commission was to decide on the future of other disputed territories. Czechoslovakia was informed by Britain and France that it could either defend itself against Germany or submit to the prescribed annexations. The Czechoslovak government decided to submit. By May 1938, it was known that Hitler and his generals were drawing up a plan for the occupation of Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovaks depended on the military support of the France, with whom they had formed an alliance. The Soviet Union also had a treaty with Czechoslovakia, and this signaled a willingness to cooperate with France and Britain if they decided to come to the defense of Czechoslovakia, but the Soviet Union and its potential services were ignored throughout the crisis After its success in admitting Austria to Germany proper in March 1938, Adolf Hitler seemed desirable for Czechoslovakia, where about three million people in the Sudetenland were of German origin. In April, he discussed with Wilhelm Keitel, the head of the Bundeswehr`s high command, the political and military aspects of “Case Green,” the code name for the planned Sudeten takeover. A surprise attack on “clear skies with no reason or justification” was rejected because the result would have been “hostile world opinion that could lead to a critical situation.” Decisive action would therefore take place only after a period of German political turmoil in Czechoslovakia, accompanied by diplomatic disputes which, as they became more serious, either built up war excuses themselves or created the occasion for a lightning offensive after an “incident” of German creativity. In addition, there had been disturbing political activities in Czechoslovakia since October 1933, when Konrad Henlein founded the Sudeten German Home Front. On September 22, Chamberlain flew back to Germany and met Hitler at Bad Godesberg, where he was dismayed to learn that Hitler had tightened his demands: he now wanted the Sudetenland to be occupied by the German army and the Czechoslovaks to be evacuated from the area on September 28.
Chamberlain agreed to present the new proposal to the Czechoslovaks, who rejected it, as well as to the British cabinet and the French. On the 24th. the French ordered a partial mobilization; The Czechoslovaks had ordered a general mobilization the day before. With one of the best-equipped armies in the world, Czechoslovakia was able to mobilize 47 divisions at that time, 37 of which were destined for the German border, and the mainly mountainous line of this border was heavily fortified. On the German side, the final version of “Case Green”, approved by Hitler on May 30, showed 39 divisions for operations against Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovaks were ready to fight, but could not win alone. The correct answer is A. Germany was allowed to annex the Sudetenland. Given this, the result of the Munich Agreement was that Germany was allowed to annex the Sudetenland, which was an area of Czechoslovakia that the German government believed belonged to Germany. As Hitler continued to deliver inflammatory speeches calling for the reunification of the Germans in Czechoslovakia with their homeland, war seemed imminent.
However, neither France nor Britain felt ready to defend Czechoslovakia, and both were anxious to avoid a military confrontation with Germany at almost any cost. In France, the Popular Front government had come to an end, and on April 8, 1938, Édouard Daladier formed a new cabinet without socialist participation or communist support. Four days later, Le Temps, whose foreign policy was controlled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, published an article by Joseph Barthelemy, a professor at the Paris Faculty of Law, in which he examined the Franco-Czechoslovak Treaty of Alliance of 1924 and concluded that France was not obliged to go to war to save Czechoslovakia. Earlier, on March 22, the London Times said in an editorial by its editor G.G. Dawson that Britain could not go to war to preserve Czech sovereignty over the Sudeten Germans without first clearly determining their wishes; otherwise, Britain could “fight against the principle of self-determination.” The result of the Munich conference was appeasement. Chamberlain, Daladier and Mussolini all agreed to give him Adolf Hitler Sudetenland. Hitler signed an agreement with Chamberlain not to go to war with each other after the Munich Conference. September 29, 1938 September 29-30, 1938: Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France sign the Munich Accords, according to which Czechoslovakia must cede its border areas and defenses (the so-called Sudetenland region) to Nazi Germany. .